||<b>Aim and context</b>
The aim of this project is to estimate quantitative changes of land cover and/or land use in European coastal zones especially due to human activities. It uses the Corine Land Cover data base over coastal zones. This project is carried out by the Agricultural Information Systems Unit (AIS) of the Space Applications Institute (SAI) of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of Ispra (Italy). It is funded through the Centre for Earth Observation (CEO) programme Workpackage AS3200 (Application projects in support of the services of the Commission). It is developed in close collaboration with users and especially the DGXI (Environment, Nuclear Safety and Civil protection) and the European Environment Agency (EEA).
This project will concern the Europe of the 15 member states but it will also encourage other countries to carry out this study.
The overall objective of LACOAST is to provide information on land cover change in coastal zones. Within this, the different partners have main objectives as follows :
The main objective of the DGXI is to use the information on Land Cover changes on Coastal zones with the programme on integrated management of the coastal zones (IMCZ). This programme has been launched by DGXI, DGXIV and DGXVI (reference : Document COM(95)511).
The main objective of the EEA is to have its topic centres (Land cover topic centre and Coastal zones topic centre)working in a complementary way and to advise and use the Land Cover data base to obtain information to produce reports on environment.
The objectives of the JRC are :
<ul><li>to enhance the use of earth observation data (CEO)
<li>to develop and to test methodologies in order to answer to needs previously described, within the framework of the
<li>Research and Development workpackage of the topic centre on Land Cover. Then to extend their use to a larger context,
<li>to contribute to the up-dating of information (CLC incl