||ERBS is a pioneering Earth radiation budget satellite mission within NASA's ERBE (Earth Radiation Budget Experiment) Research Program - a three-satellite mission, designed to investigate how energy from the sun is absorbed and re-emitted by the Earth. The ERBE payload, three identical sets of two instruments each, represent a new generation radiometer of NASA/LaRC, first flown on ERBS (launch Oct. 5, 1984), then on NOAA-9 (launch Dec. 12, 1984), and on NOAA-10 (launch Sept. 17, 1986).
Objective: Measurement of reflected and emitted energy at various spatial levels (this process of absorption and re-radiation is one of the principal drivers of the Earth's weather patterns). The observations provided useful data for studies of geographical-seasonal variations of the Earth's radiation budget. In fact, the data of ERBS/ERBE were compared and combined with those ERBE data collected on the NOAA-9 and -10 spacecraft.