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Satellite Missions Catalogue

EarthDaily Constellation

Aug 31, 2023

EO

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Planned

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EDA

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EarthDaily Optical Imager

Expected to launch in January 2024, the EarthDaily Constellation consists of 10 satellites operated by EarthDaily Analytics (EDA). This commercial mission will provide images of the entire world across 22 spectral bands on a daily basis.

Quick facts

Overview

Mission typeEO
AgencyEDA
Mission statusPlanned
Launch dateJan 2024
InstrumentsEarthDaily Optical Imager

Artist's rendition of EarthDaily Satellite (Image credit: EarthDaily Analytics)

Summary

Mission Capabilities

Each satellite will be equipped with an optical imager that will aid in services such as agriculture, insurance, and disaster prevention and recovery.

Performance Specifications

Each optical imager will observe over 22 spectral bands with a spatial resolution of 5 m.
All satellites within the Earth Daily Constellation will orbit at evenly spaced intervals over the same sun-synchronous orbit. The optical imager observes over six bands in each of the visible, near-infrared (NIR) and shortwave infrared (SWIR) spectrums, and four in the thermal infrared (TIR) spectrum.

Overview

The EarthDaily Constellation consists of 10 satellites operated by EarthDaily Analytics (EDA). Over its 10-year lifetime, the commercial mission aims to provide images of the entire world on a daily basis. These images will aid in services such as agriculture, insurance, and disaster prevention and recovery.

Launch

The EarthDaily Constellation is expected to launch in January 2024.

The ten satellites will be spread out evenly over the same sun-synchronous orbit.

Mission Status

  • September 20, 2022: The Institut National d’Optique (INO) was contracted by EDA to design and build the Thermal Camera Core Subsystems (TCCS) for the satellite constellation.
  • February 16, 2022: EDA contracted the Canadian-based companies ABB and Xiphos to provide the optical imagers for the EarthDaily Constellation. ABB is developing the optical imagers and their integration method, while Xiphos will develop the high-speed electronics required to control the imagers and the data they collect.
  • January 18, 2022: An $150 million dollar deal was made between EDA and Loft Orbital. Loft Orbital will build, launch, and operate the EarthDaily Constellation on behalf of EDA. The satellites will implement modified OneWeb satellite buses.
  • January 11, 2022: EDA provided an update on the EarthDaily Constellation:
    • Announced the completion of the detailed plan, including the launch of the EarthDaily Constellation in 2023.
    • Shortwave and thermal infrared cameras have been incorporated into the satellites.
    • Received commitment from Antarctica Capital to support the $150 million EarthDaily Constellation.
    • The EarthDaily Constellation is four months into construction.
  • July 21, 2021: EDA announced plans to launch the EarthDaily Constellation:
    • The constellation will greatly assist Earth Observation (EO) in agriculture, forestry, environment, financial services, and defence and intelligence.
    • Construction will begin in July 2021, with launches scheduled for 2023.
    • The nine satellites will observe over 21 spectral bands, many with a 5-metre resolution.

Sensor Complement

Each satellite will be equipped with the same optical imager that will observe over 22 spectral bands with a spatial resolution of 5 m. These optical imagers will be constructed by the Canadian-based space company, ABB. The imagers will have the collective capacity to collect 100 TB/day.

Type

Number

Observations

Visible

1

Dust and smoke, water quality and organic content, ocean colour

2

Plant senescence and pigment, soil colour

3

Plant pigments, water quality and organic content, ocean colour

4

Total chlorophyll, ocean colour

5

Plant pigments, soil contamination, plant growth and stress

6

Plant structure, nitrogen, moisture, soil colour

Near Infrared

(NIR)

7

Plant stress and fluorescence

8

Plant stress and fluorescence

9

Plant stress and fluorescence

10

Organic matter, ocean colour

11

Atmospheric water absorption, crop stress and moisture

12

Atmospheric water vapour

Shortwave Infrared

(SWIR)

13

Atmospheric aerosols

14

Cloud Properties

15

Snow and ice discrimination, soil moisture

16

Methan reference

17

Methane detection

18

Wildfire detection and radiative fire power

Thermal Infrared

(TIR)

19

Surface temperature, volcanoes

20

Surface temperature, mineral and surface composition mapping

21

Surface temperature, soil and vegetation moisture, urban heat

22

Surface temperature, snow grains, soil and vegetation moisture, urban heat

 

References  

1) Beckett, K. (2023, May 17). EarthDaily Analytics – Calibrating and Delivering Scientific Imagery of our Planet for a Sustainable Future.

2) EarthDaily Analytics. (2021, July 21). EarthDaily Analytics Announces Timeline For The Launch Of Next Generation Satellite Constellation. Retrieved June 30, 2023, from https://earthdaily.com/press_releases/earthdaily-analytics-announces-timeline-for-the-launch-of-next-generation-satellite-constellation/.

3) EarthDaily Analytics. (2022, February 16). EarthDaily Analytics Announces Imaging Payload Providers For The EarthDaily Satellite Constellation. Retrieved June 30, 2023, from https://earthdaily.com/press_releases/earthdaily-analytics-announces-imaging-payload-providers-for-the-earthdaily-satellite-constellation/.

4) Rainbow, J. (2023, January 23). EarthDaily taps loft orbital to build and operate $150 million constellation. SpaceNews. https://spacenews.com/earthdaily-taps-loft-orbital-to-build-and-operate-150-million-constellation/.

5) EarthDaily Analytics. (2022, January 11). EarthDaily Analytics Provides Strategic Update And Announces Initiation Of EarthDaily Constellation Construction. Retrieved June 30, 2023, from https://earthdaily.com/press_releases/earthdaily-analytics-provides-strategic-update-and-announces-initiation-of-earthdaily-constellation-construction/.

6) EarthDaily Analytics. (2022, September 20). EARTHDAILY ANALYTICS ANNOUNCES ADDITION OF INO AS EARTHDAILY CONSTELLATION MISSION PARTNER. Retrieved June 30, 2023, from https://earthdaily.com/press_releases/earthdaily-analytics-announces-addition-of-ino-as-earthdaily-constellation-mission-partner/.

The information compiled and edited in this article was provided by Herbert J. Kramer from his documentation of: "Observation of the Earth and Its Environment: Survey of Missions and Sensors" (Springer Verlag) as well as many other sources after the publication of the 4th edition in 2002. - Comments and corrections to this article are always welcome for further updates (eoportal@symbios.space).

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